Ottawa Spotlight اضواء أوتاوا

Hitch your wagon to a star

SEMINAR TOPIC SELECTION: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY

Power Point Presentation is in the forum Section. http://poetsofottawa.ning.com/forum/topics/seminar-on-drugs-human-o...



1. Give two reasons why you selected this topic.

I selected my seminar’s topic for several reasons among them its importance to our society as well as to the world’s societies. Moreover, its circumstances are continuing not only in our neighborhoods but around the globe. In addition, it is a truthful topic. Finally, my interest and experience as well as my skills dictate my choice of this topic.

2. Based on your initial survey of reference material, what are three important themes or issues pertinent to this topic? Explain the relationship of your topic to World Politics. The topic should be a current, international issue or event, which is (or should be) of concern to Canada and Canadians.

The three important issues that are pertinent to my topic are the elements of culture, values and needs, and how they integrated, replicated, and animated positively and negatively to enrich or harm societies.
My topic has a relationship to the World politics because drugs and crimes have different resources, markets and conceptions, and as I am a part of Canadian and international societies I see my self obligated to fight against crimes committed against human beings in order to protect the societies, and lower the crimes in local and global areas, furthermore; to fall down their causes.
The topic is an international one, it has a major importance to Canadian society because many evidences have occurred in the United States of America, and the geopolitics and the social diversity concerns of both countries give us not only the proof of evidences that crimes of human organs trade as well as the distribution of illegal drugs might be occurring in Canada, but they already exist.

3. Name two Books and two Journal Articles that you have consulted about your topic. (Please reference in complete bibliographic format).

Bibliography:

A. Books:
1. Annie Cheney, Body Brokers Inside America’s Underground Trade in Human Remains, Broadway Books, New York, 2006. PP.1-193.

2. Mark J. Cherry, Kidney for Sale by Owner, Human Organs Transplantation, and the Market, Georgetown University Press, Washington, D.C.2005. PP.1-162.
3. Robert Voy, MD, Kirk Deeter, Drugs,Sport, and Politics. The inside story about drug use in sport and its political cover-up, with a prescription for reform, Leisure Press, Champaign, Illinois, 1993. PP.3-204.
4. Oliver Trager, Drugs in America: Crisis or Hysteria?, An Editorials on File Book. Facts on File Publications, New York, New York, Oxford, England,1986. PP.3-177.
5. James John Guy. People, Politics and Government, A Canadian Perspective, Fifth Edition, Preason Education Canada Inc., Prentice Hall, Toronto, Ontario, 2001. PP.2-497.
6. Britannica Online Encyclopedia Available URL:http://www.britannica.com/

B. Journal Articles:

1. M.T.Al-Mansouri. Shifting patterns in Canadian elections: Ontario's referendum, 2008. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.helium.com/items/1186736-elections-canada-drugs-green-pa..., 2008.
2. Anuj Chopra. Harvesting Kidneys From the Poor for Rich Patients; The thriving black-market trade in human organs. U.S. News&World Report 144.5 (feb 18, 2008): p.33. [Online]. Available URL: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?content Set=IAC-Documents7docType=IAC…
3. Christine Gorman. Body pars for sale: an FBI sting operation uncovers what Chinese activists say is a grisly trade: human organs for cash. Time v151.n9 9March 9,2998): pp. 76 (1). [Online]. Available URL: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?contentSet=IAC-Documents...
4. David Quinn. Drugs are illegal for a reason and it is to keep our society safe. Europe Intelligence Wire. March 2, 2007. Financial Times Ltd. [Online]. Available URL: http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/printdoc.do?docType=IAC&contentSe...
5. Donald Boström . Our Sons Plundered for Their Organs, 2009. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=15377, 2009.
6. Nancy Scheper Hughes. The Global Traffic in Human Organs, 2009. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/300123, 2009.
7. M. T. Al-Mansouri. Crime: Black Comedy from the Land Of “Arabia Flex”2009. [Online]. Available URLS: http://www.parisjerusalem.net/afnan/index.php?option=com_content&am..., and http://www.arabtimes.com/portal/article_display.cfm?Action=&Pre....


C. Videos and Pictures:

Audio-Visual References [Online] Available URS: http://poetsofottawa.ning.com/video, and
http://poetsofottawa.ning.com/photo


M.T. Al-Mansouri

Literature Review Research Seminar

Source #1

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Annie Cheney
Title: Body Brokers Inside America’s Underground Trade in Human Remains.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Broadway Books, New York, 2006.
Volume, Section and/or Page#: pp. 205.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: www.broadwaybooks.com
Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Wilderness.
2. As soon as you die, you are mine.
3. The resurrection men.
4. The Toolers.
5. Brokered sounds bad, does not it?
6. The bone Machine.

Mind Mapping:
1. California, Florida, Michigan, New York
2. Medical Schools, Funeral Directors.
3. Corpses.
4. Cremation owner. (Crematorium)
5. Funeral Home
6. Cremation.
7. Anatomy.
8. Shadowy group of entrepreneurs.
9. Government control on organs and tissue for transplantation.
10. Biotechnology.

Structured notes:
1. Body brokers.
2. Market of distributions of human bodies and parts.





Index Cards:
1. Tracking the origins of body brokering from the “Resurrectionists” of the 19th century to entrepreneurs of today.
2. Re examination of the American way of death body brokers is a captivating work of first person reportage.

Source #2

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Mark J. Cherry
Title: Kidney for Sale by Owner, Human Organs Transplantation, and the Market.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Georgetown University Press, Washington, D.C. 2005.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp. 258.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source:
Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Human organs sales and ethical arguments and profit.
2. Metaphysics, Morality and Political Theory: Presuppositions of proscription. Reexamined.
3. A market in human organs: costs and benefits.
4. Owing one’s body.

Mind Mapping:
1. The body for beneficence.
2. Global consensus.

Structured notes:
1. Vices and virtues.
2. Prohibition.
3. Controversies and criticism.
4. Repugnance: Adjudication among moral intuition.

Index Cards:
1. Allocation strategies.
2. Moral consensus.
3. Sale of human organs for transplantation.



Source #3

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: MD, Kirk Deeter
Title: Drugs, Sport, and Politics. The inside story about drug use in sport and its political cover-up, with a prescription for reform.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Leisure Press, Champaign, Illinois, 1993.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp. 227.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source:
Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. History of doping in sport.
2. A new era of drugs.
3. How athletes get caught up in the drug game?
4. Growth hormone, blood doping and erythropoietin.

Mind Mapping:
1. Olympic Committee.
2. My final days inside the Five Rings.

Structured notes:
1. The money pot.
2. Anabolic, Androgenic steroids.
3. Speed, Narcotics, Beta-blocker and Diuretics.

Index Cards:
1. The politics that control the United States.
2. Writing in the wall.
3. How doping control could work?
4. Building a better Olympic system.

Source #4

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Oliver Trager
Title: Drugs in America: Crisis or Hysteria?
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: An Editorial on File Book. Facts on File Publications, New York, New York, Oxford, England, 1986.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp.182.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.



Internet Source:
Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Types of illegal drugs.
2. America fights against illegal drugs.
3. Smuggling.

Mind Mapping:
1. Law enforcement and Reagn Administration’s Drug Wars.
2. Education, schools and teenagers.
3. Scandals.

Structured notes:
1. Marijuana, heroin, cocaine, khat.
2. Mexico, Colombia, Panama and Bolivia.

Index Cards:
1. Drugs in sports.
2. The impact of drugs on health.

Source #5

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Morris kokin with Ian Walker
Title: Women married to alcoholics. Help and hope for nonalcoholic partners.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Macmillan of Canada: a division of Canada Publishing Corporation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada1989.
Volume, Section and/or
Volume, Section and/or Page #: 211

Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source:

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Problems of women married to Alcoholics.
2. Are alcoholics’ victims or villains?
3. Family’s ties and future of children.
4. Road to recovery.
5. Family therapy.
6. Toward a brighter future.




Mind Mapping:
1. The symptoms of alcoholic illness.
a. Drunkenness
b. Drowsiness
c. Behavioral changes
d. Poor judgment
e. Coordination difficulty
f. Difficulty standing
g. Slurred speech
h. Aggression
i. Inappropriate sexual behavior
j. Nystagmus
k. Poor attention span
l. Memory problems
m. Stupor
n. Coma
2. The treatment of alcoholism.

Structured notes:
1. Self Abuse.
2. Self –esteem.

Index Cards:
1. Types of women.
2. Family therapy.

Source #6

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Anuj Chopra
Title: Harvesting kidneys from the poor for rich patients; the thriving black-market trade in human organs.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: U.S. News &World Report, Feb 18, 2008
Volume, Section and/or Page #: 144.5:P.33.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?contentSet=IAC-Documents....



Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Harvesting kidneys from the poor for rich patients. ( India: New Delhi, Chennai, Nepal
3. The thriving black-market trade in human organs.

Mind Mapping:
1. Kidney for cash, humans do not need two kidneys
2. Indian Police fights against the human organs trade.
3. Interviews with donors of kidneys. (Ponraj)
4. Consequences of selling the human organs.

Structured notes:
1. Indian Act of 1994 permits only relatives of patients to donate kidneys for transplantation.
2. Non-governmental Organizations.

Index Cards:
1. Ponraj is an Indian who sold his kidney for U.S. $ 2.500.
He got half of the price after the operation; he suffered pain and missed the job.
2. Other donors are happy and said that they became rich people after selling on of their kidneys.

Source #7

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Christine Gorman
Title: Body parts for sale: an FBI sting operation uncovers what Chinese activists say is a grisly trade: human organs for cash.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Time Inc., 1998.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp.76 (1)
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?contentSet=IAC-Documents...

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Operations of FBI against grisly trade of human organs.
2. Types of organs: Kidneys, Corneas, Livers, lungs and bone-marrow.
2. The methods by which Chinese prisoners are executed are depending on which part are needed:
a. Prisoners are shot in the chest those who are slated to donate corneas.
b. Prisoners are shot in the head those who are slated to donate kidneys.



Mind Mapping:
1. Chinese prisoners are victims of human organs trade.
2. Chinese activists.
3. Amnesty International.
5. The human organs trade is between Hainan, the Island in southern China and New York. (200 prisoners are killed each year).

Structured notes:
1. Hard currency.
2. Harvesting organs from dead prisoners.
3. Military Hospital.

Index Cards:
1. The cost of operation: $ U.S. 10.000 to $.S. 40.000.
2. Around 6.000 prisoners executed in China each year.
3. About 90% of transplanted kidneys come from executed prisoners.

Source #8

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: James John Guy
Title: People, Politics and Government, a Canadian Perspective.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: Fifth Edition, Preason Education Canada Inc., Prentice Hall, Toronto, Ontario, 2001.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp.497.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source:
Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Politics, laws and gaps in IS.
2. Confrontations of ideologies.
3. The organs of States.
4. The Challenges of the Third Millennium.
5. The International Integrated Security Systems.



Mind Mapping:
1. Ethics and occupations.
2. Psychological, social, economic values.
4. International terrorism.
5. Poverty.
6. Injustice.
7. Family, School. Mass Media.
8. Corruption.
9. Judiciary Systems.

Structured notes:
1. IS.
2. International Law.
3. Diplomacy.
4. Human nature.

Index Cards:
1. The Challenge of: Global Warming, Earth Ecology, Hunger, AIDS, Weapons.
2. Human Rights Organizations and Establishments and their roles.


Source #9

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: M.T.Al-Mansouri
Title: Shifting patterns in Canadian elections: Ontario's referendum, 2008.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: U.S., Helium.com, 2008.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp. 1-2.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://www.helium.com/items/1186736-elections-canada-drugs-green-pa..., 2008.

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Canadian Green Party.
2. Canadian –Semitic Communities are source of new illegal drugs.

Mind Mapping:
1. New drug calls Khat.
2. The advantages and disadvantages of Canadian Multiculturalism.



Structured notes:
1. Values and Responsibilities.
2. Ethics at Work.

Index Cards:
1. The Inter-governmental organizations and their interactions.
2. Values and careers.

Source #10

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Donald Bostrőm.
Title: Our Sons Plundered for Their Organs.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: 2009
Volume, Section and/or Page #: pp.1-2.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=15377, 2009.

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Israel’s medical profession does not condemn the illegal organ trade.
2. The arrest of Levy Izhak Rosenbaum, from Brooklyn, USA.
3. Imbroglio of money-laundering and illegal organ-trade was revealed. Rosenbaum’s matchmaking had nothing to do with romance. It was all about buying and selling kidneys from Israel on the black market.
4. Israeli aggression is represented by: ethnical cleansing, organs trade, apartheid, Genocide.

Mind Mapping:
1. Rosenbaum’s matchmaking had nothing to do with romance.
2. It was all about buying and selling kidneys from Israel.
3. Israelis are active in the Black Market of human organs trade. in the following counties: Palestine, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Algeria, Egypt, United States, Canada, the Philippines, Turkey, Eastern Europe ,Latin America, Morocco and Yemen.

Structured notes
1. A young Palestinian men started to disappear from villages in the West Bank and Gaza. After five days Israeli soldiers would bring them back dead, with their bodies ripped open.
2. Rabbis and Synagogues.
3. International Court of Justice.
4. Donald Boström a symbol of Morality.
5. Swedish Government supports and defenses the Journalists and their occupations.


Index Cards:
1. The arrest of Levy Izhak Rosenbaum, from Brooklyn, USA, who worked in imbroglio of money-laundering and illegal organ-trade.
2. We know that Israel has a great need for organs, that there is a vast and illegal trade of organs which has been running for many years now, that the authorities are aware of it and that doctors in managing positions at the big hospitals participate, as well as civil servants at various levels. We also know that young Palestinian men disappeared, that they were brought back after five days, at night, under tremendous secrecy, stitched back together after having been cut from abdomen to chin.
3. It’s time to bring clarity to this macabre business, to shed light on what is going on and what has taken place in the territories occupied by Israel since the Intifada began.

Source #11

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: M. T. Al-Mansouri
Title: Crime: Black Comedy from the Land Of “Arabia Flex
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: France-Canada, Paris-Jerusalem
Volume, Section and/or Page #: 2009.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://www.parisjerusalem.net/afnan/index.php?option=com_content&am..., and http://www.arabtimes.com/portal/article_display.cfm?Action=&Pre...

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Black Comedy from the Happy Land, a short story, tells us about the secret world of clandestine networks that operate by killing human beings and trafficking their organs to many countries, mainly Germany. Moreover, it explains how the criminals use deception to cover their own tracks.
Mohamed Adam, the slaughterer of the University of Sana’a, is one of the criminals.
2. He became involved in this network through both the Yemeni and the former Iraqi regime security and intelligence. Both these organizations exploited Yemen as a place to obtain wealth, and for criminal actions. Some ministers and professors were involved in committing the crimes. These people work for Sana’a University and in both governmental and private sectors.



Mind Mapping:
1. Trafficking human organs from Sana’a, Yemen to many countries, mainly Germany.
2. Ministers and intelligence of Yemen, and former Iraqi intelligence regime are involved.

Structured notes:
1. University of Sana’a.
2. Germany’s Hospitals.
3. Network with other brokers of black market of human organs trade.

Index Cards:
Black Comedy from the Happy Land, a short story, tells us about the secret world of clandestine networks that operate by killing human beings and trafficking their organs to many countries, mainly Germany. Moreover, it explains how the criminals use deception to cover their own tracks.
Mohamed Adam, the slaughterer of the University of Sana’a, is one of the criminals. He became involved in this network through both the Yemeni and the former Iraqi regime security and intelligence. Both these organizations exploited Yemen as a place to obtain wealth, and for criminal actions. Some ministers and professors were involved in committing the crimes. These people work for Sana’a University and in both governmental and private sectors.


Source #12


Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: David Quinn.
Title: Drugs are illegal for a reason and it is to keep our society safe.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: March2, 2007.
Volume, Section and/or Page #: Europe Intelligence Wire, Financial Times Ltd, pp. 2.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/printdoc.do?docType=IAC&contentSe...

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:

1. 1. Different point of views on legalization the drugs (Methadone, Heroin, Cocaine) in United Kingdom & Ireland& England),
2. 2. Pros and cons of decriminalization the drugs.



Mind Mapping:
1. Liberalize.
2. Decriminalize.
3. Legalize.

Structured notes:
1. Ireland.
2. England.
3. Methadone, Heroin and Cocaine.

Index Cards:
1. The confrontation on drugs problems in UK.
2. The impact of drugs on health.

Source #13

Research Topic: DRUGS, HUMAN ORGANS TRADE, CRIMES AND SOCIETY
Bibliographic Data:

Author: Nancy Scheper Hughes.
Title: The Global Traffic in Human Organs.
Place of Publication, Publisher, Date: 2009.
Volume, Section and/or Page #:pp. 2.
Library Source: Ottawa Public Library (OPL), Main Branch.
Internet Source: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/300123, 2009.

Important Notes: highlighting, mind mapping, structured notes, index cards etc.

Highlighting:
1. Critical Studies in medicine Science and Body.
2. The stakes of Technology and practices of transplantation.
3. Reconceptualization the human body and the relations of body parts.

Mind Mapping:
1. University of California, Berkeley.
2. Medical Anthropology.
3. Global human organs trade.

Structured notes:
1. Psychiatry, the body, illness and other affections.
2. Recipients, brokers, organ donors, patients, Sergeants, intermediaries and criminal connections.



Index Cards:
1. The stakes are high for technology and practice of transplantations.

Bibliography

A. Journal Articles

1. M.T. Al-Mansouri. Shifting patterns in Canadian elections: Ontario's referendum, 2008. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.helium.com/items/1186736-elections-canada-drugs-green-pa..., 2008.

2. Anuj Chopra. Harvesting Kidneys from the Poor for Rich Patients; The thriving black-market trade in human organs. U.S. News&World Report 144.5 (Feb. 18, 2008): p.33. [Online]. Available URL: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?content Set=IAC-Documents7docType=IAC…

3. Christine Gorman. Body pars for sale: an FBI sting operation uncovers what Chinese activists say is a grisly trade: human organs for cash. Time v151.n9 9March 9, 2998): pp. 76 (1). [Online]. Available URL: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/printdoc.do?contentSet=IAC-Documents...

5. Donald Boström . Our Sons Plundered for Their Organs, 2009. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=15377, 2009.

6. Nancy Scheper Hughes. The Global Traffic in Human Organs, 2009. [Online]. Available URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/300123, 2009.

7. M. T. Al-Mansouri. Crime: Black Comedy from the Land Of “Arabia Flex”2009. [Online]. Available URLS: http://www.parisjerusalem.net/afnan/index.php?option=com_content&am..., and http://www.arabtimes.com/portal/article_display.cfm?Action=&Pre....

B. Books

1. Annie Cheney, Body Brokers Inside America’s Underground Trade in Human Remains, Broadway Books, New York, 2006. PP.1-193.

2. Mark J. Cherry, Kidney for Sale by Owner, Human Organs Transplantation, and the Market, Georgetown University Press, Washington, D.C.2005. PP.1-162.

2. Robert Voy, MD, Kirk Deeter, Drugs,Sport, and Politics. The inside story about drug use in sport and its political cover-up, with a prescription for reform, Leisure Press, Champaign, Illinois, 1993. PP.3-204.

3. Oliver Trager, Drugs in America: Crisis or Hysteria?, An Editorials on File Book. Facts on File Publications, New York, New York, Oxford, England,1986. PP.3-177.

4. James John Guy. People, Politics and Government, A Canadian Perspective, Fifth Edition, Preason Education Canada Inc., Prentice Hall, Toronto, Ontario, 2001. PP.2-497.

5. Britannica Online Encyclopedia Available URL:http://www.britannica.com/


C. Videos and Pictures

1. Audio-Visual References [Online] Available URS: http://poetsofottawa.ning.com/video, and
http://poetsofottawa.ning.com/photo

Views: 12

Comment

You need to be a member of Ottawa Spotlight اضواء أوتاوا to add comments!

Join Ottawa Spotlight اضواء أوتاوا

© 2020   Created by M.T. Al-Mansouri, Ph.D..   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

Ottawa International Poets and Writers for human Rights (OIPWHR)